Hosur is an industrial town in Krishnagiri district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Hosur is one of the 21 municipal corporations of Tamil Nadu. It is located on the bank of the Ponnaiyar River, 40 kilometers (25 mi) southeast of Bengaluru and 306 kilometers (190 mi) west of Chennai, the state capital. Hosur is home to major manufacturing industries including Stellantis, Ashok Leyland, Titan, TVS Motors, Caterpillar, Ather Energy, Schaeffler and many others.
Hosur was known as Murasu Nadu during the Chola period in the 13th century. Starting in the 16th century, the city became known by its current name. The Chandrachoodeshwara Swamy Temple, an 11th century temple, has inscriptions that speak of the contributions of Hoysalas. Hoysalas ruled Hosur around 1200 AD. and contributed to the temple. It then became part of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Later, Hosur was part of the Mysore kingdom. From 1790 to 1792, Tipu Sultan lost the Third Anglo-Mysore War to the British. In 1801 he handed over the southern part of the kingdom of Mysore as a partial settlement to the presidencies and provinces of British India. During the British period, the Salem collector Walton Illiat Lockardt made Hosur the headquarters of the Salem district.

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